Impact Of Disabilities On Families
As the primary unit of a community, the family plays a vital role in the development of a person. Or in the case of people with disabilities, the family becomes their backbone and support throughout the whole process.
Change is inevitable, but for a family who is taking care of a member with disabilities, change is a burden they have to overcome every day of their lives. Family members, together with the patient become one in the periods of grief caused by a loss of function.
Disabilities affects not only the emotional state of family members, but it also means a change in roles and duties. Severe injuries and chronic diseases or disabilities may lead breadwinners to stay at home, or children may need to adjust school or work schedule to help care for elderly parents.
Other than the disabilities themselves, some changes like financial problems from racking up medical bills or unemployment, alteration of living conditions, childcare can pose new and bigger problems to the family.
Only by cooperation and unity can the family successfully triumph over any disabilities.
Reducing some of the adverse effects of disabilities may be done by working together on solutions one problems are identified, undergoing counseling and planning for discharge and community re-entry.
The first step to managing the effects of disabilities at home is to first identify the problems the family may face. Once this is done, the family can begin brainstorming ways in how to counter these problems Financially, families can tap government and Non-government Organizations like foundations and charities for support.
From there, the family can start discussing schedules and other alternative care like hiring caregivers or asking relatives for help. Aside from that, families should begin quipping their home for the patient and make it safe for them to live in.
Family caregivers must also undergo education and counseling to meet the demands of the rehabilitation plan set-up for the patient. Certain skills and topics needed to be discussed and learned are: cause and effect of the disability, potential complications, medications (Schedule, side effects and functions), therapy and most importantly social and emotional tasks of a patient in rehabilitation.
After every one of these has been dealt with, the family can slowly begin planning on releasing or re-integration of the patient out in the community.
The family’s importance should not be underestimated in the rehabilitation of members with disabilities. By showing confidence and faith, the family of the patients can help get them through the hardship caused by their disabilities.