Children and Disabilities

Posted on: July 15th, 2018
Author: Dezsa Rubio
Children deserve to spend their childhood lives happily, free from worries but some children unfortunate carry the burden of having disabilities.

A disability is any restriction resulting from an impairment to perform an activity in the manner considered normal for a human being. Impairments associated with disabilities may involve physical, mental, or sensory motor that can damage vision, hearing, speech, brain, limbs or a combination of multiple impairments,

In a report by the World Health Organization back in 2011, about 15% of the world’s population lives with some form of disabilities. Two to four percent of the unfortunately experience significant difficulties in of these disabilities spring from birth or may develop post-birth.

Children with disabilities will require special needs and even early intervention and support from family. If not properly provided with their needs, disabilities on children can have a lifelong impact on a person’s overall health and social situation. Some disabilities that may hinder a child’s development are:

Congenital Disorders

A congenital disorders are birth defects which may be inherited by a child or caused by environmental factors present during intrauterine life which can be identified during prenatal, at birth or later in life. Some common congenital disorders are:

  • Intellectual Disability – a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by an intellectual impairment where a child unable to think and develop new skills.
  • Down Syndrome – a genetic disorder associated with physical growth delays, characteristic facial features, and mild to moderate intellectual disability.
  • Cerebral Palsy – is a disorder that happens before or during a baby’s birth affecting muscle tone, movement, and motor skills.
  • Fragile X Syndrome – a genetic disorder causing a range of developmental problems including learning disabilities and impairment of cognitive skills.

On the otherhand, there are disorders that are developed after birth that includes hearing problems, heart conditions, and blood, metabolism and hormone disorders. Early detection of these problems after birth can prevent them from becoming more serious disabilities.


Autism Spectrum Disorders are usually a life-long condition characterized by difficulty in social-interactions, communication and also repetitive behaviors. Symptoms and severity of autism varies among these three core areas and may interfere with everyday life.

Injury-caused Disabilities

While most disabilities are congenital, some physical, mental and behavioral disabilities can occur after an accident, trauma or injury. Some brain injuries may be acquired from loss of oxygen, infection and stroke. While physical injuries can be caused by accidents.

Developmental Delay

Developmental delay differs from developmental disabilities. A child with whose development is delayed is developing skills more slowly than the usual, however being delayed does not mean they have a disability.

Children each develop differently, some may take more time than others. Developmental delays can be short or long-term and can happen in any area of a child’s development which unlike developmental disabilities where disabilities are permanently delayed in children.

Parents must be attentive to their children. Being able to recognize symptoms of disabilities early on can help prevent these disabilities from worsening or permanently affect a child’s health and quality of life.

For parents who may be worried about their children’s development, it’s best to have them checked with doctors right away. LH Prime Medical Clinics houses doctors specializing in family medicine and pediatrics who can be of aid.